Ottorino Respighi

Ottorino Respighi ( , also , ; 9 July 187918 April 1936) was an Italian composer, violinist, and teacher who was one of the leading Italian composers of the early 20th century. His compositions include operas, ballets, orchestral suites, choral songs, and chamber music, including transcriptions of pieces from Italian composers of the 16th-, 17th-, and 18th-centuries, plus those from Bach and Rachmaninoff. Among his best known and most performed works are his three Roman tone poems which brought him international fame: ''Fountains of Rome'' (1916), ''Pines of Rome'' (1924), and ''Roman Festivals'' (1928). All three demonstrate Respighi's use of rich orchestral colours.

Born and raised in Bologna, Respighi studied the violin, viola, and composition at the Liceo Musicale di Bologna, during which he worked in Saint Petersburg and studied briefly with Nikolai Rimsky-Korsakov. In 1913, Respighi moved to Rome where he became professor of composition at the Liceo Musicale di Santa Cecilia, before dedicating his time fully to compose.

While composing his opera ''Lucrezia'' in early 1936, Respighi was diagnosed with bacterial endocarditis and died four months later aged 55. Elsa survived Respighi for over 60 years, championing her late husband's works and legacy until her death in 1996. Provided by Wikipedia